Czech beer is world famous. The Czech Republic is the No.1 beer drinking nation on the planet, with an annual per capita consummation of some 156 litres. Beer is served almost everywhere in Prague, even in breakfast cafés! It tastes terrific and it's cheap.
Popular Czech Beers
The majority of Czech beers are light in colour, brewed naturally from hand-picked hops. Breweries also produce dark ales, but most Czechs prefer their beer light, nicely chilled, and with a tall head.
When ordering a beer in a pub, ask for “pivo” (beer, 0.5l) or “malé pivo” (small beer, 0.3l).
Pilsner Urquell is the best known Czech beer. It has been brewed in the town of Plzeň since 1842, and is the original Pils beer from which all golden beers the world over are derived.
|The Pilsner Urquell brewery also produces Gambrinus, which is popular within the Czech Republic, but not well-known outside the country.|
Staropramen is brewed in Prague, so is widely available in bars and pubs in the capital.
Kozel is a much loved beer brewed in Velké Popovice, a village outside Prague. And Bernard is a respected cheaper beer brewed in East Bohemia.
But the most widely exported Czech beer is Budvar, called Budweiser in German - the name of which is also used by an unrelated American brew (there has been legal wrangling over the use of the name for decades).
Away from the light beers, more recent introductions to the market include Velvet, a smooth and creamy beer, and Kelt, one of the better dark beers.
Foundation of the Czech Beer Industry
Czechs have been drinking beer for more than a millennium. The secret behind their brewing success is the country's agricultural conditions, which are ideal for growing hops. Chronicles place their cultivation in Bohemia as early as the year 859, while the first evidence of their export dates back to 903.
Bohemian hops became so prized that King Wenceslas (907-935) ordered the death penalty for anyone caught exporting the cuttings. In another act, he convinced the Pope
to revoke an order banning beer brewing - which
may explain why he is known as Good King Wenceslas!
|In the early days citizens in the Czech lands only had the right to brew beer for their own consumption, so many people had a micro-brewery in their home. However, it wasn't long before citizens banded
together to form a co-operative central brewery, from
which they would take beer extract home and finish the
brewing process there; the medieval equivalent of the home-brew kit. The first such brewery was built in Cerhenice in 1118.|
From here, once the king's permission had been granted it
was a small step for breweries to begin
hawking their wares to the general public. The Czech beer industry was spawned.
Decline and Rise of Czech Beer Brewing
The expansion of the beer industry was halted in the 16th century, when feudal lords discovered that forcing their
labourers to drink the manor brew, instead of buying it from another brewery, was a clever way to
line their pockets. And the Thirty Years' War devastated the Czech beer industry
further, as land was destroyed and resources diverted elsewhere. At one point beer was even used to pay off a Swedish
army to prevent the plunder of Kutna Hora.
||The Czech beer industry
then fell under the auspices of
the Emperor in Vienna, although he still regarded it highly enough to send a Czech
brew master to Mexico to teach the Mexicans
how to brew beer (Bohemia beer from Mexico
gets its name from this period).|
The Czech nation - and its beer - did not recover until the "national
of the 19th century, when the Czech language,
Czech culture, Czech institutions and Czech beer were reinvented - Pilsner Urquell was born in 1842, and the new technique of brewing light beer spread rapidly.
Beer under Communism
Under communism beer was very cheap, indeed it was maintained so by the authorities. The thinking was that every man, no matter what job he had, should be able to afford a few beers regularly with friends without it hurting his pocket too much.
This helped establish beer drinking as perhaps the single most popular hobby amongst Czech men. Unfortunately, as with other industries, the Communists failed to invest in the breweries. They simply produced the beer and squeezed as much out of the industry as they could. The buildings and their facilities were allowed to deteriorate.
After the Velvet Revolution
Since the fall of communism, most major Czech breweries have been bought by foreign brewing giants. A lot of investment has been ploughed in, resulting in impressive modern brewing facilities. And Czech beers are now marketed worldwide as a premium product.
Price of a Beer in Prague Today
The average price of a large Czech beer (0.5l) in the pubs in Prague is 40 CZK (£1.38/€1.6/$1.82) (aside from in the tourist traps on the main squares).
Elsewhere in the Czech Republic the price of a beer falls to around 25 CZK (£0.86/€1/$1.14).
|Beer is so engrained in the Czech national psyche that brewers are wary of raising prices too much, and no politician would dare raise taxes too high either! Indeed, some brewers make such little profit on domestic sales that exports are vital to their business model.|
in Prague and elsewhere in the Czech Republic, sample Pilsner Urquell, Staropramen, Budvar, Kozel
and many other Czech beers in the best possible way - freshly brewed and cheap!
The Future: Micro-breweries and Tank Beer (Tankové pivo)
As we have learned, micro-breweries formed the foundation of the Czech brewing industry a thousand years ago. Today, pubs and restaurants in Prague like U Fleku and U Medvidku maintain the tradition by brewing their own beer on-site. In this the age of the global brewer, it can be nice to taste a unique craft beer.
Such sentiments are encouraging ever more Prague pubs to add micro-breweries. The beers produced complement their existing range of beers, and the brewery itself becomes an attraction of the pub.
Of equal significance, recent developments in technology have driven the introduction of tank beer (tankové pivo). Instead of beer delivered in barrels, it is transported pasteurised or unpasteurised from the brewery to the pubs by tanker lorry. The beer is then fed via a large pipe into a huge stainless steel tank in the cellar of the pub, in the manner in which a fuel tanker delivers its load. The tank is lined with a waterproof and airtight polypropylene bag, which seals the beer in.
When a customer orders a beer it is piped straight from the tank to the pump. This “bag-in-a-box system” delivers the freshest possible beer because it only comes into contact with air when it is poured into the glass, as if you are drinking the beer directly at the brewery.
Pilsner Urquell and Staropramen lead the field in this technique, followed by Budvar and Kozel. Only a limited number of Prague pubs and restaurants have adopted the system thus far because it requires investment and a high turnover of beer to make it economically viable. But the results in taste and economies of scale are so impressive that more are destined to follow suit.
You can try tank beer in Prague at U Vejvodu (Pilsner Urquell), Potrefena Husa Platnerska (Staropramen), U Medvidku (Budvar) and at Vytopna Railway Restaurant.
learn more about Czech beer and the Prague locals who drink it by the lorry load, consider the Prague Pub Tour, Prague Brewery Tour or Czech Beer Tasting. All these activities are held in the historic centre of Prague.
Alternatively, take a trip to the Kozel Velke Popovice Brewery, which is located outside Prague, and is one of the most interesting breweries to visit in the Czech Republic.
|Prague Brewery Tour|
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