The National Museum (Národní Muzeum) in Prague is set in a commanding position at the top of Wenceslas Square
. It is currently closed for reconstruction.
But there an annex, known as the New Building of the National Museum, which is open and used for temporary exhibitions.
Prior to its closure, the main building of the National Museum was the oldest and largest museum in the Czech Republic. This monumental neo-Renaissance structure was designed by Josef Schultz as an architectural symbol of the Czech National Revival. Construction lasted from 1818-1891.
The National Museum is built on the site of the former Horse Gate, so named because Wenceslas Square once served as the main Prague horse market.
Its entrance hall is grand, with sweeping staircases and intricate stonework. There are also beautiful frescos on the ceilings.
However, the exhibition rooms were looking tired, so will be the main beneficiary of the restoration works.
With regards to the New Building, prior to joining the National Museum it was home to Radio Free Europe. And before that, during the communist era, it served as the national parliament of Czechoslovakia.
The New Building is an iconic structure and very imposing. It is a huge oblong of concrete and glass elevated in the air.
Although it was built in the 1930s, before Nazi rule and the communist era, perhaps as a portent of what was to come, more than any other building in Prague if you stand near it, it seems to exude a chilling power.
We list the most significant exhibitions at the New Building in our Prague Events section.
To discover more about the National Museum, take a Prague tour:
Prague Grand City Sightseeing Tour
Prague Grand City Sightseeing Tour & Boat
Prague Intro Sightseeing Tour
Best of Prague Walking Tour
Prague All Inclusive Walking Tour & Boat.