Establishment of the Old Town (Staré Město)
Premysl Otakar II formalises the establishment of the Lesser Town
, giving it town status and encouraging migrants from Northern Germany to settle here.1310-1346:
John of Luxembourg rules as the King of Bohemia. Around 1320:
Hradcany, the area around Prague Castle, is established.1338:
Foundation of the Old Town Hall
- the importance of the city increases. 1344:
Prague bishopric upgraded to archbishopric. Construction of St. Vitus Cathedral
begins (finishes in 1929).1346-1378:
Charles IV epoch - Prague becomes the capital of the Bohemian Kingdom and the Holy Roman Empire.1348:
Foundation of the New Town (Nové Město)
and Charles University, the first university in Central Europe.1419-1437:
Attempts by the clergy to reform the church result in the Hussite's revolutionary movement lead by Jan Hus, the reform preacher and martyr. 1526:
The Hapsburg dynasty ascends the Bohemian throne (lasts until 1918). 1583-1611:
Rudolf II becomes the king of Bohemia. Prague becomes the emperor's residence and the centre of social and cultural life.
Defeat of the Czech nobles´ uprising; the Czech language and Czech national consciousness begin to decline.
Union of the four hitherto independent Prague urban units (Hradcany, Lesser Town, Old Town and New Town).
Period of Czech national revival, beginning of the industrial revolution, establishment of Czech institutions.