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Prague Tourist Information

Prague Tourism Information & City Guide

Prague is known as the 'Jewel in the Crown' of Central Europe and tourism has played an important role in its economic development in recent years. Read our guide to the highlights of Prague and discover the layout of the city.

Welcome to Prague


Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic (Czechia), a country located at the heart of Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Germany, Poland and Slovakia.

In the Middle Ages, Prague became the capital of Charles IV's Bohemian Kingdom, with Prague Castle the seat of the empire. And the city has played a pivotal role in the region ever since.

Prague's epic history has produced a city full of beauty, of stunning Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque era buildings, and of majestic squares.
Prague Castle
Prague Castle
In modern times, the statist communist era of the mid-20th century has given way to dynamic capitalism. Tourism has helped drive the city's regeneration, transforming grey run-down buildings into bright elegant restaurants, vibrant bars and swish hotels.

Prague Tourism Fact: In 1992 the historical centre of Prague, all 866 hectares, was listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register.
Old Town Square in Prague
Old Town Square in Prague

Highlights of Prague


The city centre is compact and the finest areas are mostly pedestrianised, so Prague is best explored on foot; from Wenceslas Square on one side of the city to Prague Castle on the other is just a 30-minute stroll (walking via the Old Town, across the river and through the Lesser Town).

The first thing to do in Prague, therefore, is simply to wander through the streets and magnificent squares, to revel in the atmosphere and to admire the stunning architecture all around.
A sightseeing tour led by a local guide can provide a good introduction to the city, as they will be able to explain the history and significance of the sights and attractions. But equally, allow time in your schedule to do your own exploring.

Prague is a city to walk around, immerse yourself in, discover places, and to eventually find somewhere nice to stop off for a drink at; all the time letting the worries of the world dissipate.

On your travels you will soon come across the Vltava River, which runs through the heart of the city. Walk over Charles Bridge and along the banks of the river to enjoy wide panoramic views across the water.
Prague River Cruises
River Cruise in Prague
Estates Theatre in Prague
Estates Theatre in Prague
A river cruise is the most relaxing way to take in the riverside attractions. And there are lunch, afternoon and evening dinner cruises to choose from.

You can also admire the river scene from above by taking a trip up to Prague Castle or a ride on the Funicular Railway to the top of Petrin Hill.

With regards to entertainment, opera, ballet and classical concerts are a true highlight. Prague is a city of music, with performances to enjoy all year round in its grand opera houses, magnificent concert halls, ancient churches and other historic buildings.
For a typically Czech experience, black light theatre is a unique feature of the city. The shows are fast moving and highly visual, so appeal to all ages and nationalities.

Turning to food, the city's restaurants enjoy a reputation for serving good, often excellent cuisine. Pub style restaurants offer hearty food and fast flowing cheap drinks, while at the top end visitors can experience fine dining in beautiful settings, such as by the river or with a view over the city.

For refreshments at any time of the day, the world famous Czech beer is deeply embedded in the national physique, and is enthusiastically consumed in pubs and beer halls everywhere; the Czechs are the largest consumers of beer per capita in the world!
  Concert Hall at Municipal House
Concert Hall at Municipal House
Old Town Square at Night
Old Town Square at Night
On sunny days the action moves outside. At one of the many bars and cafés, take a seat on the terrace or in the beer garden, order a cool beer or chilled glass of Moravian wine, and watch the world go by. You will find the time just slips away!

For a non-alcoholic treat, join the locals at one of Prague's elegant traditional cafés, where a coffee and cake or a deluxe hot chocolate is the order of the day.

Tourism and increased business investment has lifted the Czech economy, which in turn has led to more consumerism - shopping is now a national pastime.
Prague has its fair share of stores selling the latest international brands, and the largest shopping mall in the city centre is Palladium Shopping Centre.

In terms of locally produced goods, aside from Skoda cars the most well-known product is Bohemia Crystal. The finest Czech glassware is sold in a number of shops in Prague. Alternatively, visitors can take a tour to a glass factory, such as to Moser Glass.
 

Layout of the City Centre of Prague - Prague map


The city centre of Prague is divided into five areas, which span both banks of the Vltava River.

On one side of the river is: the Old Town (Staré Město), with the Old Town Square at its heart; the New Town (Nové Město), with Wenceslas Square at its heart; and the Jewish Quarter (Josefov).

On the other side of the river is: the Lesser Town (Malá Strana); and above this, the Castle District (Hradčany), which is dominated by Prague Castle.

Charles Bridge is the main pedestrian route linking the two sides of Prague.
Charles Bridge and Prague Castle
Charles Bridge & Prague Castle
 
The sights and attractions in Prague are spread across the whole of the city centre.
 

Where to Stay in Prague


The city centre is the best location to stay in Prague, in any of the five areas; as the city centre is compact, from any area it is possible to explore the entire centre on foot.

Prague is made up of 22 administrative districts. The city centre is the Prague 1 district, so search for hotels and apartments with a postal code of Prague 1.

Outside the city centre, the areas easily accessible by tram and metro (and even on foot) include Vinohrady and Vysehrad in Prague 2, Smichov in Prague 5, Holešovice in Prague 7 and Karlin in Prague 8.
 
View from Old Town Hall Tower
View from Old Town Hall Tower
 

Most Beautiful Views - Prague Towers


Prague Castle (Pražský hrad) is the number one tourist attraction in Prague. Set on a hill, it affords visitors exceptional views over the whole city.

For the ultimate view, climb The Great South Tower at St. Vitus Cathedral at Prague Castle.

There are many other towers to climb around Prague, including the Petrin Observation Tower, Old Town Hall Tower, Old Town Bridge Tower, Lesser Town Bridge Tower, Powder Tower, the belfry tower at St. Nicholas Church at Lesser Town Square and Jindrisska Tower.
To dine with a view, browse restaurants with city views or riverside restaurants.

Sights and Tourist Attractions


Some travel guides use English names for the Prague sights, but maps and street signs are normally in Czech. The following translations should be useful:

Prague = Praha
Old Town = Staré Město
New Town = Nové Město
Charles Bridge = Karlův most
Prague Castle = Pražský hrad
Wenceslas Square = Václavské náměstí
Old Town Square = Staroměstské náměstí
Lesser Town/Lesser Quarter = Malá Strana
National Theatre = Národní divadlo.
Prague Street Signs
Prague Street Signs
For the full list, see Prague sights & attractions.

Czech Language


Czech is a consonant-rich Slavic language. It is considered to be one of the most difficult European languages to learn by speakers of Latin and Germanic based languages. Native English speakers can find certain sounds very hard to pronounce.

Fortunately, tourism and globalisation mean many Czechs speak English, particularly the younger generation.
Wenceslas Square in Prague
Wenceslas Square in Prague
 

Czech Phrases & Pronunciation


Good day / Hello = Dobrý den (Dobree den)
Good evening = Dobrý večer (Dobree ve-chair)
Goodbye = na shledanou (Naskledanou)
Hi / Bye = Ahoj (Ahoy)
Yes = Ano (Ano)
No = Ne (Neh)
Thank you = Děkuji (Dyekooyih)
Cheers = Na zdraví (Na-zdra-vee)
Where's the toilet? = Kde je záchod (kdeh-yeh zaakhot)?

Location of Prague, Czech Republic in Europe


Prague is located in central Bohemia, which is the largest region in the Czech Republic.

The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe. It covers 78,864 square kilometres (30,449 square miles).

The country's highest mountain is Snezka (1604m). Its longest river is the Vltava (434km).

Czech People


The population of Prague is 1.26 million. The population of the Czech Republic is 10.5 million.
Czech Republic in Central Europe
Czech Republic in Europe
St. Nicholas Church at Old Town Square in Prague
St. Nicholas Church in Prague
  Czechs belong to the West Slavic group of peoples, along with Poles, Slovaks and Lusatians.

Romanies (or Gypsies) form the most conspicuous minority in the country, and are thought to descend from Indian migrants in the 15th century.

People from other Central and Eastern European countries, including former Soviet Union states such as Ukraine, have migrated to Prague in recent years to work in tourism and construction.

Over 7 million tourists visit Prague every year.

Religion in the Czech Republic


Christianity is the country's dominant religion. The Roman Catholic Church is by far the most prominent church, followed by various Protestant denominations, such as the Evangelical and Hussite churches.

Prague Package


A simple way to arrange your Prague city break is to book the Prague Package.

More Information


For practical information, including weather and currency exchange, read our Prague tourist information guide.
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